Monthly Archives: February 2009

Move The Movement

In my previous post, Truth To Power, I stated:

We must read such reports and present them … anywhere and everywhere … to anyone who will listen: our gurdwaras, our local Amnesty International chapters, student groups, talk radio, public television, newspaper op-eds, etc. We must also create awareness of these findings in whatever format we can – through music, art, theatre and poetry.

I was impressed to see the Sikh Student Association here at the University of Maryland acting on this principle. The SSA, in conjunction with other student groups, is sponsoring a free concert on April 3rd, 2009 to mark the 25th anniversary of the 1984 Sikh genocide.

The featured performer for the concert is Immortal Technique, an up-and-coming rapper who attracts a large and diverse audience, especially amongst college students. His intense style, controversial lyrics, and willingness to approach political subjects, such as the mid-east conflict, have made him a fan favorite amongst the politically aware.

It is refreshing to see students think “out-of-the-box” in remembering 1984, by attracting a mainstream artist and joining forces with other student activist groups under the tagline “Move the Movement.” The SSA plans to distribute background material on the 1984 atrocities and subsequent human rights violations, as well as feature short video clips and interviews with victims in between acts.

I hope other groups will take from this example and implement similar creative ideas as opposed to gathering in front of embassies and consulates, shouting at empty buildings. I never really understood that concept. Why would we stand outside of the Indian consulate demanding our rights? If the Indian government orchestrated these crimes, why would they be interested in our demands or empathizing with us?

I’m equally uncomfortable with candlelight vigils. This was popular as I was a student, as such vigils would pop up every June and November at gurdwaras and university campuses all throughout North America. I understand the need to reflect and commiserate on the atrocities of 1984, but there is something very passive about a vigil, as though we are community in mourning. Our history teaches us to be in Chardi Kalaa under such struggle, so why mourn? Besides, it is not as though 500 years have passed, it’s only been 25. Survivors are still suffering (see Widow Colony), and many of the architects of the Darbar Sahib attack and anti-Sikh pogroms are active politicians. Forget the candles! We need to expose the truth, educate our communities, and put the architectects behind the State violence and human rights violations behind bars, as per the law.

At vigils, I’ve seen the tagline “Let our silence be heard.” But I ask, “Why not let our voices be heard?”

I realize I’m being critical, and even a little self-critical as I’ve participated and organized such protests and vigils, but as 25 years have passed – we need to pause, reflect, re-strategize, and find more effective and productive ways to present our case. What if one of the presenters at this past Sunday’s Academy Awards wore a “Free Punjab” T-Shirt? Even if it was a medium-famous star, there would be a buzz throughout the internet the next day on what exactly that T-Shirt was about. I’m a strong believer that if this movement gains even a hint of popularity from Non-Sikhs, Sikh supporters will come out of the woodworks.

I commend the SSA on this endeavour, and hope to see a great turnout on Friday!

Agree? Disagree? I’d love to hear your thoughts!


Truth To Power

Recently published on sikhchic.com under the title Public Advocacy & The Art of Being Heard

Truth To Power
by Rubin Paul Singh

Last month, Ensaaf in conjunction with the Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG) at Benetech released a groundbreaking report titled “Violent Deaths and Enforced Disappearances During the Counterinsurgency in Punjab, India.”

What is unique about this report is that it does not focus on individual narratives or specific accounts of the human rights violations in Punjab, but instead provides a statistical analysis – based on quantitative research – of fatal violence across Punjab during the conflict between 1984 and 1995.

This analysis brought together six data sets comprising of more than 21,000 records. It incorporates documentation from several different fact-finding initiatives over the last two decades investigating human rights violations in Punjab, as well as the Tribune newspaper and recovered logbooks from local cremation grounds.

Using the statistical analysis as a basis, the report examines patterns and trends of violence that contradict the government’s claim that lethal human rights violations in Punjab were “minor” and “random.”

For example, the report found that majority of enforced disappearances and extra-judicial executions happened in 1991 and 1992, as counter-insurgency operations by Indian security forces intensified and the Punjab Police was reorganized by K.P.S. Gill. The report also notes that as state violence increased, fewer bodies of those who disappeared or were executed were returned to the next of kin. This correlates with evidence of increased “secret illegal cremations” during that same time period. The document also studies the report of so-called “encounters,” which imply exchange of fire between a militant and security forces. However, evidence shows a significantly higher ratio of militants being killed than officers. This is consistent with qualitative evidence that such encounters were, in fact, faked. The report also found that victims were nearly all males between 18 and 45. Such patterns contradict the government’s claim that the events were “random” or a “minor aberration.”

So you may ask yourself – after collecting the data, analyzing it, and producing this report – the end result is proving the violence in Punjab was not random? The Indian authorities’ claim of human rights violations in Punjab being an “aberration” is, in fact, false?

Well … didn’t we already know that?

Yes, of course.

Any Sikh who has read the accounts, heard the stories, watched the interviews, and lost family members to the violence in Punjab knows full well that these atrocities committed by the government were no aberration; they were widespread and systematic.

But up until now, most of the research has focused on individual stories and experiences. These personal narratives are powerful, heart-wrenching, and inspiring. They allow us to understand the experience of the victim’s families and, more importantly, allow their voice to be heard. In order for us to heal as a community, it is essential for us to reflect and commiserate. However, if our goals are something bigger – if we intend to seek justice for the thousands of lives lost, if we are determined to change policies and hold the guilty accountable – such accounts will not be enough.

As Ram Narayan Kumar (South Asia for Human Rights) states in the report’s Preface, “until the society at large is able to identify, classify and quantify the wrongs perpetrated with impunity, then accountability, reparations, and reforms will not follow.”

Some may say that whether one hundred lives, one thousand lives, or ten thousand lives were lost doesn’t really matter; if just one life is lost unjustly, that should be enough for public outcry.
But the world has not heard us. If we intend for these human rights violations in Punjab to reach the world stage, they must be presented in their full magnitude, based on systematic and verifiable research. As slain human rights defender Jaswant Singh Khalra said in his last international speech, “We say about 50,000 … about one million … the educated of the world will not accept estimates … they want exact figures.”

During a recent presentation on 1984, I quoted the number of casualties during the anti-Sikh pogroms with the lowest number I could find – in the Indian government’s own White Paper. Hands quickly went up with objections that my number was too low. Participants then shouted out numbers that were four or five times as much. Perhaps they are correct, but until we have numbers based on some verifiable evidence or technical analysis, our hands are tied. Throwing out inflated or inaccurate numbers based on anecdotal evidence can only weaken our case.

Friends I’ve discussed this report with have said, “What good is it? Why waste the resources? Human rights lawyers seem to release books and reports every few years, but to what end do they serve? They will just end up in the shelf of a law library many years from now, collecting dust.”

Years ago, Dr. Cynthia Mahmood (Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame) was in town speaking in a panel discussion at the University of Chicago. I was to meet her and a few of her students for coffee afterwards; since I arrived a bit early, I listened to the panel. The discussion was on torture, and the psychological and sociological effects it has on the victims, families and communities involved. I was stunned to hear that two of the panelists had done their field research specializing on Sikhs and the violence in Punjab during the 80’s and 90’s, and nearly all of the panelists referred to the “Punjab Conflict” in the papers they presented.
I looked around the room; I was the only Sikh in sight. I started to wonder … where else are these panel discussions going on where the “Punjab Conflict” is being discussed? Are human rights lawyers and academics huddled around tables in conference rooms throughout the world trying to seek justice for the thousands of lives lost at the hands of the Indian government?

I started to reflect on the day I walked into my university’s monthly Amnesty International meeting over a decade ago. Each month, Amnesty would send us an Urgent Action Appeal to work on. To my surprise, that month’s case was the disappearance of Jaswant Singh Khalra. I was shocked! This was an appeal for a Sikh, yet neither my Sikh peers nor our gurdwara management knew anything about him. And here were these Black, White, and Chinese students diligently writing their letters to the Indian government urging them to investigate Khalra’s disappearance. They didn’t really care that he was a Sikh, all they knew was that an innocent human rights activist was abducted by the police, and something needed to be done.

Will such reports end up on library shelves collecting dust? I guess that’s up to us.

The academics and human rights activists of the world have done the research, they have documented the facts and figures, they have done the leg work for us. They have armed us with the truth; it is now upon us to bring truth to power.

We must read such reports and present them … anywhere and everywhere … to anyone who will listen: our gurdwaras, our local Amnesty International chapters, student groups, talk radio, public television, newspaper op-eds, etc. We must also create awareness of these findings in whatever format we can – through music, art, theatre and poetry.

I truly hope the efforts of Ensaaf and their partners will take this case to the highest courts of the land but, as Khalra said, we must also take this to the “biggest court of all … the court of the people.” And the activist in all of us is responsibile for that.

I don’t believe this report alone will be enough to hold the guilty accountable, but it does put them on notice. If the Indian authorities make lofty claims and simply dismiss the injustices committed in Punjab, it will not go unchallenged.

Ensaaf and Benetech indicate they plan to continue their research, so they can draw further statistical analysis and ultimately present the full magnitude of the conflict. I commend Ensaaf and Benetech on the release of this report and encourage them to keep the flame burning. Such reports are an invaluable stepping stone toward exposing the truth and achieving justice.

[The report, “Violent Deaths and Enforced Disappearances During the Counterinsurgency In Punjab, India,” can be downloaded for free at http://www.ensaaf.org/reports/descriptiveanalysis/ ]

February 12, 2009


This I Believe

In case you haven’t noticed, I’m a bit of an NPR junkie. One of the series I regularly listen to is called This I Believe. As the website describes, This I Believe is “based on a 1950’s radio program of the same name, where Americans from all walks of life share the personal philosophies and core values that guide their daily lives.”

Last week, I heard an essay that I particularly liked called “America’s Beauty Is In It Diversity.” It’s the story of Alaa El-Saad, a 15 years-old from Austin, TX who shares her experience of wearing her Hijaab.

It’s a simple story, but vividly reminded me of my experience wearing a Dastaar for the first time to school.

What’s also special about this project is anyone can contribute an essay to share their beliefs. Many of these essays are selected for broadcast, posted on their website, and included in their collection of essays they reguarly publish.

Another program I listen to is StoryCorps. StoryCorps is an oral history project where Americans share life stories with family and friends in designated StoryBooths throughout the country. Each conversation is recorded on a free CD to take home and share, and is archived for generations to come at the Library of Congress.

As Sikhs living in the United States, we have amazing stories to tell. From our experiences wearing our Kakaars, the memorable conversations we’ve had with friends, co-workers, and even passer-bys inquiring about us, and also the difficult stories of discrimination and racism. Whatever it might be, our story needs to be told.

I encourage anyone reading this to submit your This I Believe essay or book your StoryCorp reservation today! This is an excellent opportunity to make the Sikh-American story part of the American story.

I would also love to hear comments on Alaa El-Saad’s essay…take a listen


Right To Not Wear Pants

Got your attention?

I’ve seen so many discrimination cases against Sikhs lately, that this one caught me by surprise. I wonder what precedent it might set for discrimination cases with Sikhs.

Justice, Metro Settle Religious Discrimination Suit
Associated Press Tuesday, February 3, 2009; 3:27 AM
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/02/03/AR2009020302147.html

The Justice Department has settled a lawsuit accusing Washington’s transit agency of religious discrimination. The complaint filed in federal court accused Metro of discriminating against a woman of the Apostolic Pentecostal faith because she was unable to comply with Metro’s uniform policy.

Gloria Jones said she wasn’t hired as a bus driver because her religious beliefs prohibit her from wearing pants, which are part of the uniform.

The Justice Department announced Tuesday that Metro has agreed to pay more than $47,000 to Jones and $2,500 each to two others who say Metro didn’t accommodate their beliefs.
Metro also must implement a policy to reasonably accommodate employees’ religious practices and train its supervisors on religious discrimination.

The agreement still must be approved by the court.